COMADRE: A global data base of animal demography


The open-data scientific philosophy is being widely adopted and proving to promote considerable progress in ecology and evolution. Open-data global databases now exist on animal migration, species distribution, conservation status, etc. However, a gap exists for data on population dynamics spanning the rich diversity of the animal kingdom worldwide. This information is fundamental to our understanding of the conditions that have shaped variation in animal life histories and their relationships with the environment, as well as the determinants of invasion and extinction. Matrix population models (MPMs) are among the most widely used demographic tools by animal ecologists. MPMs project population dynamics based on the reproduction, survival and development of individuals in a population over their life cycle. The outputs from MPMs have direct biological interpretations, facilitating comparisons among animal species as different as Caenorhabditis elegans, Loxodonta africana, and Homo sapiens. Thousands of animal demographic records exist in the form of MPMs, but they are dispersed throughout the literature, rendering comparative analyses difficult. Here, we introduce the COMADRE Animal Matrix Database, an open-data online repository, which in its version 1.0.0 contains data on 345 species worldwide, from 402 studies with a total of 1625 population projection matrices. COMADRE also contains ancillary information (e.g., ecoregion, taxonomy, biogeography, etc.) that facilitates interpretation of the numerous demographic metrics that can be derived from its MPMs. We provide R code to some of these examples. Synthesis: We introduce the COMADRE Animal Matrix Database, a resource for animal demography. Its open-data nature, together with its ancillary information, will facilitate comparative analysis, as will the growing availability of databases focusing on other aspects of the rich animal diversity, and tools to query and combine them. Through future frequent updates of COMADRE, and its integration with other online resources, we encourage animal ecologists to tackle global ecological and evolutionary questions with unprecedented sample size.

Publication Type
Journal Article
Roberto Salguero-Gómez
Owen R. Jones
C. Ruth Archer
Christoph Bein
Hendrik de Buhr
Claudia Farack
Fränce Gottschalk
Alexander Hartmann
Anne Henning
Gabriel Hoppe
Gesa Römer
Tara Ruoff
Veronika Sommer
Julia Wille
Jakob Voigt
Stefan Zeh
Dirk Vieregg
Yvonne M. Buckley
David Hodgson
Alexander Scheuerlein
Hal Caswell
James W. Vaupel
Journal of Animal Ecology

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